At least five of them including foreshocks, aftershocks and mainshocks were 5. The worst of these occurred on 5 August at 6. The number of casualties remains unclear, although ReliefWeb states that at least people have been confirmed dead, more than 7, injured,displaced, and 80, houses damaged.
The shaking lasted for 6 minutes and IST on 8th October Pakistan: In northern Pakistan government spoken person state severe 41, person, injured damage to buildings, and 18, persons confirmed dead in the worst affected areas of Muzaffarabad of North West Frontier Province NWFP.
The December earthquake off Sumatra was the second largest earthquake ever recorded only a 9. It occurred where part of the ocean floor was thrust upwards by the movement of the India plate under the Burma Plate off the northwest coast of Sumatra, where the India plate and Australian plate dive under Burma at the Sundra Trench plate. During the quake a section of one plate about miles long suddenly plunged about 30 feet beneath another.
Earthquake prediction is a branch of the science of seismology concerned with the specification of the time, location, and magnitude of future earthquakes within stated limits,  and particularly "the determination of parameters for the next strong earthquake to occur in a region. In the s, scientists were optimistic that a practical method for predicting earthquakes would soon be found, but by the s continuing failure led many to question whether it was even possible. For example, the most famous claim of a successful prediction is that alleged for the Haicheng earthquake. Predictions are deemed significant if they can be shown to be successful beyond random chance.
On December 26,a massive earthquake occurred under the Indian Ocean just off the coast of Indonesia. The 9. The event it is still impacting the region; programs and studies continue, both to support recovery efforts and to understand the science behind this devastating natural disaster.
It was an undersea megathrust earthquake that registered a magnitude of 9. The earthquake was caused by a rupture along the fault between the Burma Plate and the Indian Plate. Communities along the surrounding coasts of the Indian Ocean were seriously affected, and the tsunamis killed an estimatedpeople in 14 countries.
The tectonics of the region is complex and involves the interaction of the Australian, Sunda and Eurasian plates in addition to the India and Burma plate. This results in oblique convergence at the Sunda trench. Some of this oblique motion is accommodated on the right-lateral transform faults and rifts that separate the Burma and Sunda plates. Preliminary locations of larger aftershocks following the megathrust earthquake show that approximately km of the plate boundary slipped as a result of the earthquake.
The main area affected was Maharashtra State in Western India. The earthquake primarily affected the districts of Latur and Osmanabadincluding the Ausa block of Latur and Omerga of Osmanabad. It measured 6.