Labia minora: small lips just inside the labia majora surrounding the openings to the urethra and vagina. Did you know that up to one-third of cancer deaths in women are attributed to excess body weight? Learn what you can do to reduce your risk.
The vulva pudendum refers to the external female genitalia. Its functions are threefold:. This is initially treated with antibiotics, but occasionally can be complicated by the formation of a cyst or abscess.
A thorough insight into the female genital anatomy is crucial for understanding and performing pelvic reconstructive procedures. The intimate relationship between the genitalia and the muscles, ligaments, and fascia that provide support is complex, but critical to restore during surgery for correction of prolapse or aesthetic reasons. The external female genitalia include the mons pubis, labia majora and minora, clitoris, vestibule with glands, perineal body, and the muscles and fascia surrounding these structures.
The vulva is the external portion of the female genital organs external genital organs. It includes: Labia Majora - two large, fleshy lips, or folds of skin. Labia Minora - small lips that lie inside the labia majora and surround the openings to the urethra and vagina.
Chapter 43 Anatomy of the female genital tract. The labia majora are two large folds containing sebaceous and sweat glands embedded in adipose and connective tissue and covered by skin Fig. They form the lateral boundaries of the vulval cleft and are the homologues of the scrotum.
Anatomy A small band or fold of mucous membrane forming the posterior margin of the vulva and connecting the posterior ends of the labia majora. The tense band of mucous membrane connection formed by the dorsal ends of the labia minora. It is often damaged in childbirth.
Collectively, these parts are called the vulva. Rich with nerves, the vulva can provide sexual pleasure when properly stimulated. The vagina is a muscular tube about three to four inches long that ends the birth canal.
The frenulum of labia minora fourchette or posterior commissure of the labia minora is a frenulum where the labia minora meet posteriorly. The fourchette may be torn during delivery due to the sudden stretching of the vulval orifice, or during copulation. To prevent this tearing in a haphazard manner, obstetricians and, less frequently, midwives may perform an episiotomywhich is a deliberate cut made in the perineum starting from the fourchette and continuing back along the perineum toward the anus. Sometimes this surgical cut may extend to involve the perineal body and thus reduce anal sphincter function.
Powered by Shopify. Wade, before women could take out their own credit cards or bank loans, before sexual harassment was ever defined in a court of law — women began to attend feminist consciousness-raising groups. Thinking back now about what looking at their own genitals meant to women in that cultural context is remarkable.
In Friedrich defined the vulvar vestibulitis syndrome as "severe pain on vestibular touch or vaginal entry; tenderness to pressure localized within the vulvar vestibule; and physical findings confined to vestibular erythema of varying degrees". The vulvar vestibule extends laterally from the hymenal ring to a line of more keratinized skin on the labia minora Hart's line. Anteriorly the vestibule reaches upwards to the frenulum of the clitoris and posteriorly downward to the fourchette. Characteristics of vestibulitis are the patient's complaint of entry dyspareunia, discomfort at the opening of the vagina and erythema and point tenderness discovered on palpation of the gland orifice with a cotton-tipped applicator cotton swab is pressed gently in a circle around the base of the hymenal ring or at the posterior fourchette of the vagina.